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Macam-macam fungsi modal Auxiliary dalam bahasa Inggris

Macam-macam fungsi modal Auxiliary dalam bahasa Inggris
Macam-macam fungsi modal Auxiliary dalam bahasa Inggris

Seperti yang sudah kita bahas di bagian pertama tentang pengertian, syarat, dan macam-macam modal. Di artikel ini kita akan membahas dengan lengkap macam-macam fungsi modal. Sebelum kita membahas ke bagian yang lebih spesifik, kita harus terlebih dahulu mengetahui rumus penggunaan dari modal karena berbeda dengan rumus tenses. Secara umum ada 6 (enam) tenses yang di pakai dalam modal dan ada 4 (empat) rumus yang digunakan. lihat pada gambar di bawah ini :

Macam-macam fungsi modal Auxiliary dalam bahasa Inggris
Gambar Rumus Penggunaan Modal Auxiliary



Modal Conclusion

NO
Fungsi Modal
Macam 2 modal
Tenses
%
Makna
1
Possibility (Kemungkinan)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (?)
Will
Simple Future
Future Continuous
100
Pasti
Must
Simple present
Simple past
Present continuous
Past continuous
95
Should
Simple Future
Future Continous
90
Kemungkinan besar
Ought to
May
All Tenses (6 Tenses)
50
Mungkin
Might
Could
ex
If box A is bigger than Box B, and Box B is bigger than C, than Box A must be bigger than C
2
Impossibility
(Ketidak-mungkinan)
Kalimat (–)
Kalimat (?)
Could not
All Tenses (6 Tenses)
99
Tidak mungkin
Can not
Must not
95
Pasti tidak
May not
50
Mungkin tidak
Might not
ex
Sandi could not have taken your expensive book yesterday, because he had been with me all day. You may have forgotten to put it.

 

Modal Non Conclusion 

NO
Fungsi Modal
Macam 2 modal
Tenses
Makna
1
Wishes
(Pengharapan/do’a)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
May
Simple present
Simple future
Semoga, mudah-mudahan
ex
May she come to school on time this day
2
Ability
(Kemampuan)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
Kalimat (?)
Can
Simple present
Simple future
Mampu, bisa, dapat
Could
Simple past
Be Able to
All tenses/
(3) Tenses
ex
I can speak english fluently
Sinta was able to run fast yesterday
3
Necessity
(keinginan yang kuat)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
Kalimat (?)
Must (+)
Needn’t (-)
Simple present
Simple future
Harus
Have to
Had to
Simple past
ex
I must go home tommorow
I needn’t go home
I had to go to your home yesterday
4
Prohibition
(larangan)
Kalimat (-)
Must not
Simple present
Simple future
Tidak boleh
jangan
ex
He must not go out because he is still faver
5
Advisability
(Nasehat)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
Should
All tenses (3) Tenses
Seharusnya, sebaiknya
Ought to
Had better
Simple present
Simple future
Lebih baik
ex
Should dan ought to : Tanpa ada konsekuensi
You ought to be at school today
Had Better : disertai dengan konsekuensi
You had better stop lie or I will leave you
6
Suggestion
(nasehat)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
could
All tenses/
(3) Tenses
Seharusnya, sebaiknya
ex
Note : Nasehat yang memiliki 2 solusi atau pendapat.
If your girlfriend was angry yesterday, you could have been patient or you could have asked yourself what you had done.
7
Expectation
(Pengharapan)
Kalimat (+)
Be To
All tenses/
(3) Tenses
harus
Be Supposed to
seharusnya
ex
Note : menyatakan sesuatu yang sudah terjadwal
you are to read book every morning
this room is supposed to be clean at 07.00
8
Habitual action in the past
(Kebiasaan di masa lalu)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
Kalimat (?)
Would
Past only
Dulu biasa
Used to
Dulu terbiasa
ex
When I was child, I would visit my aunt every month
9
Preference
(Kesukaan)
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
Kalimat (?)
Would rather
All tenses/
(3) Tenses
Lebih suka
ex
I would rather ride a motorcycle than drive a car
10
Request
(Permintaan)
Kalimat (?)
Subject I
Can, could, may, might
All tenses/
(3) Tenses
bolehkah
Subject you
Can, could, will, would
Maukah
ex
Note : could and would paling sopan digunakan untuk orang lain.
Could I borrow your eraser
Would you bring me something
11
Permission
(Memberikan izin)
Kalimat (+)
Can, could, may, might
Simple present
Simple future
Boleh, dapat, bisa
ex
you can ride my motorcycle now
12
Semi Modal
Kalimat (+)
Kalimat (-)
Kalimat (?)
Needn’t
Simple present
Simple future
Harus, perlu
Dare
Simple present
Simple future
Berani
ex
You needn’t go to the party tonight
I dare see ghost in the cemetery

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Written by: Janji Mustawa
Sanabila, Updated at: 1/23/2015